Location of the Kaudulla National Park
Reaching Kaudulla National Park
Kaudulla can be reached by Colombo- Trincomalee main road. The entrance to Kaudulla is 22 km north of the village of Habarana. The closest railway station is at Minneriya.
Best time to visit Kaudulla National Park
The best time to visit Kaudulla National Park is between August and December, with the population of elephants peaking to over 200 in September to October,following the period of the famous elephant gathering at Minneriya National Park. However, the Elephants could be seen in either one of these parks during any time of the year.
Outside the main wildlife viewing period at Kaudulla and nearby Minneriya National Park, Hurulu Eco-Park (daily 2-6.30 pm), on the edge of the vast Hurulu Biosphere Reserve which stretches west of the Habarana-Trincomlee road too affords the sight of herds of elephants.
Though the small reservoir at Hurlu Eco Park is insignificant in size in comparison to the vast Minneriya reservoir and Kaudulla reservoir, at least about 30 elephants could be seen during January to March.
The Landscape and spread of Kaudulla National Park
Kaudulla National Park, a dry evergreen forest that spread over an area of 6656 hectares is connected to the corridor between nearby Minneriya Wildlife Park and Kaudulla.
Kaudulla Reservoir (6675 ha), the centerpiece of the park is surrounded by the grasslands and scrubby forest. Two thirds of the park is under water during several months of the year. Kaudulla National Park includes Relapanawa reservoir, Olumadu Wewa reservoir, Puliyan Kalla wewa reservor, Minneriya-Kanthale Yoda Ela canal, Aluth Oya stream and Hatharas Kotuwa Oya. In view of the large water bodies in close proximity to each other, two thirds of the park is get submerged in water for several month each year. In view of the large water bodies in close proximity to each other, two thirds of the park is get submerged in water for several month each year.
Climate at the Kaudulla National Park
The average annual rainfall is between 1500 mm. – 2000 mm. The rain is mainly from north-eastern monsoon. Dry weather condition prevails during the period from April–October in the year. The average annual temperature varies between 20.6 C – 34.5 C.
Reptiles at the Kaudulla National Park
Kaudulla National Park is a sanctuary to numerous reptiles including Freshwater turtles, Indian Flap-shelled Turtle and Indian Black Turtle.