Madathawalu is a very popular short-grain red rice variety traditionally cultivated in Sri Lanka. The plant develops to a maximum height of 130cm. This crop can be harvested within 4 months from seeding. Madathawalu bears 20 to 30 tillers per plant and is considered as one of the highest yielding traditional rice varieties in Sri Lanka. The potential yield is about 110 bushels per acre and is currently cultivated in all parts of Sri Lanka. This variety is reported to perform well as an organic crop.Traditionally it is believed to enhance the human immune system and is used in treating diabetes. Scientific studies have found evidence of medicinal properties useful for the treatment of diabetes and oxidative stress. Consumption with the bran is important in obtaining such valuable nutritional and medicinal properties.