Bak Full Moon Poya Day is a national holiday in Sri Lanka. It usually falls in April.
This poya (Bak Pura Pasaloswaka Poya Day) commemorates the second visit of The Buddha to Sri Lanka which took place in the fifth year of his Supreme Enlightenment.
History of Bak Full Moon Poya
Buddha, in the fifth year of his Supreme Enlightenment, returned to Sri Lanka on a Bak Pura Pasaloswaka Poya Day.
According to the Mahavamsa, an epic poem that relates the history of Sri Lanka, the Buddha visited Nagadipa as he wanted to put an end to the feud between two groups belonging to the Naga community and bring peace to the land.
King Mahodara and his nephew, Chulodara, both from the Naga tribe were quarrelling over a gem-studded throne, Manipalaga, which had been given to Chulodara's mother by her father.
The Buddha intervened as the rivals were about to meet in battle. He managed to settle the dispute and created unity through preaching the Dhamma sermons.
Having brought peace to the island, the warring kings had offered the precious throne to the Buddha. He courteously declined the gift. The throne was returned to the Naga Kings and was later enshrined in the Rajayathana stupa at Nagadeepa Rajamaha Viharaya, an ancient Buddhist temple built on the site where the events took place.
On the poya, Buddhists visit temples to reflect and travel to Nagadeepa Rajamaha Viharaya.Other Poya days
1. Duruthu Poya (Jan) 2. Navam Poya (Feb) 3. Medin Poya (Mar) 4. Bak Poya (Apr) 5. Vesak Poya (May) 6. Poson Poya (Jun) 7. Esala Poya (Jul) 8. Nikini Poya (Aug) 9. Binara Poya (Sep) 10. Vap Poya (Oct) 11. Il Poya (Nov) 12. Unduvap Poya (Dec)